The Manganui O Te Ao. , Some scenes of the fictional Mordor and Mount Doom in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings film trilogy were filmed on the slopes of Mount Ruapehu. Mt. Volcanic activity continues, with periodic eruptions beneath Crater Lake. , These eruptions produced more than 7 million tonnes of ash, which contaminated water supplies, destroyed crops, and lead to the deaths of livestock. A series of five eruptions occurred between 7:10 a.m. and 10:18 a.m., sending surges of mud, rocks, and ash northwards across the summit plateau and producing eruption columns up to 500 m high. As well as a glacier hidden away in the crater of Mt Ruapehu, the mountain has 17 other glaciers sourcing from its summit. The volcano is forested below its line of permanent snow cover. Chemical analysis showed that magma was interacting with water under the lake. A toilet block at the Tangawai memorial was destroyed, but the memorial had already been closed due to the lahar threat. This was the largest eruption since 1945. Ruapehu, the largest active volcano in New Zealand, is the highest point in the North Island and has three major peaks: Tahurangi (2,797 m), Te Heuheu (2,755 m) and Paretetaitonga (2,751 m). Ash caused disruption to several North Island communities, entering houses, causing eye and throat irritation, and damaging paintwork on cars. Mt Ruapehu Volcano. Lots of boulders, gravel, glaciers and narrow tracks. One of the largest of Mt. The three largest glaciers are Whangaehu, Mangatoetoenui and the Summit Plateau. Mangatoetoenui Glacier, Mt Ruapehu. The top of volcanic Ruapehu, permanently above the It was a moderate phreatic eruption, which blasted rocks up to 1 km northwest of the crater and sent lahars down several valleys. , At 8:16 p.m. on 25 September 2007, volcanic tremor was detected underneath Ruapehu, which was followed at 8:26 p.m. by an explosive surtseyan eruption. The first indication of an eruption was reported on 8 March, with ashfall seen on the eastern slopes.  Volcanism at Ruapehu is caused by the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Australian Plate at the Hikurangi Trench to the east of the North Island. , For the past 2,000 years, activity at Ruapehu has been largely focused through a crater lake at the summit. It gives me lots of information. There are eighteen glaciers including one within the crater; the largest are the Mangatoetoenui, Summit Plateau and Whangaehu Glaciers. These are mainly owned by private clubs. , Eruptions at Ruapehu are expected to continue much as they have for the past 2,000 years, with frequent minor eruptions and more significant events every 20–30 years, although the possibility of larger events like the Pahoka-Mangamate event cannot be ruled out. Smithsonian Institution. Ruapehu is a composite andesitic stratovolcano located at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone and forming part of the Tongariro Volcanic Center. These flows all erupted between 15,000 and 2,000 years ago from a number of different craters on the summit of Ruapehu as well as from craters on the northern and southern flanks of the mountain. Web cams may provide live camera feeds, snapshots of the area, or a delayed camera feed.  Two climbers were caught in the eruption at Dome Shelter, an alpine hut approximately 600 m from the crater, when the hut was struck by the surge. In 1952, a plane was wrecked on the Mangatoetoenui Glacier on Mt Ruapehu. These three volcanoes encompass Tongariro National Park - New Zealand's first, and are also home to two commercial ski fields on Ruapehu. As we approach the summit plateau, we have a good view of the summit we just left which curls toward us like a giant rock-wave, tormented by the wind. , Active stratovolcano at the south of the North Island of New Zealand', Mt Ruapehu from Tongariro Northern Circuit, 2015, Eastern Ruapehu Lahar Alarm and Warning System, List of mountains of New Zealand by height, "The Anatomy of an Andesite Volcano: a Time–Stratigraphic Study of Andesite Petrogenesis and Crustal Evolution at Ruapehu Volcano, New Zealand", "GeoNet Volcanic Alert Bulletin RUA – 2020/08", "Stratigraphy and geochemistry of the Turoa area, with implications for andesite petrogenesis at Mt Ruapehu, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand", "Changes made since Ruapehu's eruptions / Media Releases and News / News and Events / Home - GNS Science", "Photos: Lahar could have been much worse", "Mt Ruapehu eruption survivor William Pike inspires a generation of Kiwi 'Pike-lets, "GeoNet Volcanic Alert Bulletin RUA-2007/03", "GeoNet Volcanic Alert Bulletin RUA-2007/02", "Scientists monitoring Ruapehu as crater lake heats up", "Te Wai ā-moe, Mt Ruapehu: Increases in lake temperature and seismic activity", "Volcanic risk in Tongariro National Park", "Monitoring volcanic unrest / Ruapehu / New Zealand Volcanoes / Volcanoes / Science Topics / Learning / Home - GNS Science", "Japanese survives five days in blizzard", "Northland cops it as storm sweeps island", "Interactive Australia / New Zealand Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map", Ruapehu Eruption resources blog continuous since 1995 with new activity reported as it happens, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Ruapehu&oldid=1000302082#Glaciers, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use New Zealand English from November 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Pages using infobox mountain with language parameter, Pages using infobox mountain with deprecated parameters, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 15:21. 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