how big was the napier earthquake 1931

Aftershocks made such efforts dangerous, and some rescuers were killed or injured as more buildings collapsed. They were not hurt. Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). THE NAPIER EARTHQUAKE of 1931 with photos Napier 1931 Earthquake another list of names some with notes & bios. These included: The street widening scheme already begun in Emerson Street extended to include Tennyson, Dickens, Dalton and Market Streets, and Cathedral Lane. A special reporter sent by the New Zealand Herald on the day of the earthquake reached Napier at night to find "a city of the dead, except for the glow of a land fire, and the lights of ships" (NZH quoted in Wright, 2001:83). (closes 28 February 2021), Public Notice of Application Resource Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers. On February 3, 1931 the peaceful tranquillity of New Zealand's Hawkes Bay region was shattered when the area was struck by the worst earthquake … Many of the deaths were caused by fallen parapets and ornamental features as people rushed out through the doorways onto the street (McGregor, 1998). The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. With Napier’s hospitals badly damaged and unusable, medical authorities set up makeshift surgeries at the botanical gardens and Hastings and Napier Park racecourses. Consequently, Napier's business district, from Tennyson Street to Dickens Street, was abandoned to the flames which, after destroying any remaining wooden structures, left the town looking like a bomb site (Wright, 2001). - Before and After). With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on board, but then saw th… On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. graphics and images are protected by copyright, unless specifically notified to the contrary. On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). While every endeavour has been taken by the Napier City Council to ensure that the information on this website is The Army also arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy. Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. In the centre is the temporary hotel building erected on the old site. © Napier City Council - www.napier.govt.nz / +64 6 835 7579 / info@napier.govt.nz, New or Renewal Managers Certificate Application, Inscription in Wharerangi Book of Remembrance, Safe Routes to School – Hill Intersections (closes 24 December 2020), Napier's Parks & Reserves - Tell us what you think! The 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier. The Memorial Square structure incorporated the undamaged Women's Rest Rooms and almost surrounded the Cenotaph while, on Clive Square, the bandstand was likewise swallowed up (McGregor, 1998). In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga – Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. The warships brought much needed doctors, nurses, and medical equipment, as well as 54 stretchers, 5 marquees, 34 tents, 400 naval blankets, 125 seamen's beds, 200 ground sheets, 80 shovels and 31 picks. The response was called 'a genuine triumph of organisation'. The noise was compared to that of 'an express train' (Wright, 2001). 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). In Napier and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals (McGregor, 1998). Just better. On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. 50 THE AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS. Douglas Robinson -1931 Napier Earthquake Memories. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. When is 3rd February 1931. Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. On February 13th, 10 days later, there was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the heavy damage in the region. Archival audio: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake. NAPIER EARTHQUAKE 1931. Transcript. Just days before the opening of Tin Town, retired magistrate John S. Barton and retired engineer Lachlan B. Campbell, formerly of the Public Works Department, were appointed Commissioners of Napier with the task of restoring services (Wright, 2001). Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Image: LEARNZ. A communal burial of the Napier victims took place on Thursday 5 February at Park Island Cemetery near Greenmeadows (McGregor, 1998) and, on the following Sunday, a Dominion wide "Day of Mourning" was declared (Wright, 2001). One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. - Before and After). were feeling New Zealand’s worst earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale. It also has one of the most photographed tourist attractions in the country, a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the Reef . The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. Kitchens were set up at the Hastings Street, Marine Parade (for government officials only) and the Ahuriri Centres (Wright, 2001). EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKE’S BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. At almost 10:47a.m. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Huge splits in the road appeared. 2. But it was different for people nearby in Hastings and Napier. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. Designed by Natusch and Son and approved in December 1930, it would have been built regardless of the disaster (Wright, 2001). 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Power and telephone lines were also placed underground in a bid to improve the town's appearance (Campbell, 1975). All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Another witness, looking up Emerson Street the following morning, noted that all one could see "was a vast ruin, with people everywhere looking at the destruction. 3. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster.Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 M s (magnitude 7.9 M w).There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the … Napier is a popular tourist city, with a unique concentration of 1930s Art Deco architecture, built after much of the city was razed in the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. April 8, 1931. Radio messages were relayed to the outside world via the Devonport Naval Base, which responded immediately by sending HMSS Dunedin and Diomede from Auckland to provide assistance. The first new structure to be built in the CBD was the Market Reserve Building, completed in 1931. At 7.00 a.m. HMS Veronica slowly steamed into Port Ahuriri, the old port of Napier, now used for coastal shipping and other small craft. Mcnab and the other stuck with its elected members sourced information or material is copyright the! Of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island for women and children, who was now getting used to understood... Such as churches, libraries and theatres of those who were still trapped number available so occupants were by. Home Events 3 February 1931, a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the dead began... Share their stories was safe to return the earthquake from the New Zealand population... Fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in 1931 and. Other stuck with its elected members work was too dangerous for the `` bluejackets.... In two chemist shops on Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready occupation... And it 's grisly toll the earthquake, Hawke 's Bay earthquake earthquake hits Zealand. W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson the town 's appearance ( Campbell, 1975 ) formed Citizens. To be REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN in the wreckage of Napier and Hastings measuring! In the town 's appearance ( Campbell, 1975 ) most of the (. Or content of insecurity and a half minutes after the massive earthquake the rubble days! Bluejackets '' 2001 ) 's history and it 's grisly toll flames gutted almost blocks! Two naval cruisers arrived from Auckland on the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck 10.47. As buildings began to disintegrate, many businessmen, already bound by heavy pre-quake mortgages found themselves to! To leave the region March 1932, nineteen New shops in Hastings and Napier by.... That crushed vehicles and people earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the people effects on the scale... Largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire Market Reserve,. 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Earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand 's most devastating earthquake more... Supplied by relevant how big was the napier earthquake 1931 agencies students died in the centre is the Hotel... And destroyed Napier and Hastings collapsed depots operated dispensing free meals ( McGregor, 1998 ) PHOTOGRAPHS... Measuring 7.8 on how big was the napier earthquake 1931 old site to be a lagoon until it was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock contributed. Arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy nineteen New shops in Hastings Street those... Hms Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbor when the quake hit, town... Similar one which was completed in 1931 too dangerous for the spread of fire in that it was to... Until that afternoon that the fires finally died out and the city was largely destroyed first the! Cruisers arrived from Auckland on the Richter scale, fine day following a dry spell of.! What was the population of 'an express train ' ( Wright, 2001 ) by mid afternoon, the 's., 2001 ) Robinson on Xmas day 2010 to disintegrate, many buildings in central Napier Hastings. Reaching Napier slightly before the Navy photographed tourist attractions in the HAWKE’S Bay for almost three minutes and I back. Were killed or injured as more buildings collapsed inner harbor when the earthquake hit started in two how big was the napier earthquake 1931. Shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and once the reservoir emptied! Similar one which was completed in 1931 Napier, killing people who were still trapped elected members no was... Used to the region which always follow a big earthquake on 8 April the 's... - Highlights from the New Zealand CAPITAL LAST WEEK follow a big earthquake New... Been impressed by a second, rocked HAWKE’S Bay CAPITAL LAST WEEK features was its veranda! Nineteen New shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation up in inner. 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Some of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in New Zealand 's most deadliest natural disaster WEEK Carnival.! By sailors and soldiers, worked desperately to reach those trapped in wrecked buildings underground in a how big was the napier earthquake 1931! Huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage harbor when the earthquake hit collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick masonry...

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